Provosts and Chancellors commit sexual harassment too…

Complete as of March 16, 2018. For the most up-to-date list of cases and to see additional cases across institutions and disciplines, visit NOT A FLUKE.

It has been two years since I began compiling cases of academic sexual misconduct perpetrated by faculty, staff, and administrators. This seems like a good time to post about individual groups and disciplines.

PROVOSTS/CHANCELLORS (6)
(1) 1987: H. Daniel Cohen, Chancellor, Indiana University South Bend. RESIGNED FROM POSITION – RETAINED POSITION AS TENURED PHYSICS PROFESSOR – AND LOST CIVIL LAWSUIT. (Note – he did it again – see PHYSICS FACULTY, below). http://indianalawblog.com/archives/2009/08/ind_decisions_r_31.html

(2) 1997: Chernoh Sesay, Provost. RESIGNED TO BECOME PROVOST AT PATERSON COLLEGE. JURY AWARD OF $200,000 TO ACCUSER. http://articles.chicagotribune.com/1997-12-17/news/9712170272_1_provost-tenured-professor-awarded

(3) 2003: Fred Gaskin, Chancellor, Maricopa Community College District. FIRED. http://www.eastvalleytribune.com/local/education/article_3ae669e9-8556-5b39-b651-7b12ce7f8139.html

(4) 2011: Garland Anderson, Provost, University of Texas Medical Branch. RESIGNED (SORT OF – READ ARTICLE). http://www.houstonchronicle.com/news/health/article/After-harassment-claims-UTMB-officials-got-new-5398415.php

(5) 2012: Roy Flores, Chancellor, Pima Community College. RETIRED AND LAWSUIT SETTLED. http://www.tucsonnewsnow.com/story/20221749/pima-college-settled-sexual-harrassment-claim

(6) 2013: Rosalyn Templeton, Provost, Montana State University-Northern. FIRED, HEARING OFFICER AWARDS DAMAGES TO COMPLAINANT IN 2016. http://flatheadbeacon.com/2016/04/26/hearing-officer-awards-175k-harassed-msu-northern-dean/

Did you know at least 29 college presidents have been found in violation of sexual misconduct or harassment policies?

Complete as of March 16, 2018. For the most up-to-date list of cases and to see additional cases across institutions and disciplines, visit NOT A FLUKE.

It has been two years since I began compiling cases of academic sexual misconduct perpetrated by faculty, staff, and administrators. This seems like a good time to post about individual groups and disciplines.

PRESIDENTS (29)
(1) 1982: Ambrose Garner, President, Hillsborough Community College. SUSPENDED FOR THREE MONTHS. https://casetext.com/case/garner-v-state-comn-of-ethics

(2) 1984: Geoffrey Peters, President and Dean, William Mitchell College of Law. RESIGNED http://www.nytimes.com/1984/03/23/us/minnesota-law-school-sued-in-a-sexual-harassment-case.html AND LAWSUIT SETTLED. http://tinyurl.com/hrxz9lp

(3) 1986: Francis J. Pilecki, President, Westfield State College. SUSPENSION RECOMMENDED, RESIGNED. http://www.nytimes.com/1986/07/02/us/college-sexual-assault-case-stirs-massachusetts.html

(4) 1987: William S. Gaither, President, Drexel University. RESIGNED. http://articles.philly.com/1987-10-25/news/26212499_1_college-presidents-leadership-style-gaither

(5) 1992: James B. Holderman, President, University of South Carolina. RESIGNED, IMPRISONED FOR UNRELATED CHARGES. http://articles.orlandosentinel.com/1991-12-08/news/9112080586_1_holderman-usc-president-tenured AND http://www.thestate.com/news/special-reports/state-125/article52824590.html

(6) 1993: Leon Howard, President, Alabama State University. JURY FINDING OF FACT http://chronicle.com/article/Jury-Determines-Ex-President/70533 AND LAWSUIT SETTLED. http://chronicle.com/article/Alabama-State-to-Pay-575000/72829

(7) 1994: John N. Mangieri, President, Arkansas State University. FIRED/STRIPPED OF TENURE. http://chronicle.com/article/Ex-President-of-Arkansas-State/84403

(8) 1995: J. Gilbert Leal, President, Texas State Technical College. SUSPENDED WITHOUT PAY FOR THREE MONTHS FOR “INAPPROPRIATE” RELATIONSHIP. http://chronicle.com/article/Texas-President-Suspended-for/83867

(9) 1995: Donald Bronsard, President, Luzerne County Community College. RESIGNED. http://archives.timesleader.com/1995/1995_16/1995_11_01_BRONSARD_AT_COLLEGE_IN_FLORIDA_HE_WAS_FORCED_TO_RESIGN_AS_LCCC_P.html AND http://archive.timesleader.com/1995/1995_05/1995_03_24_ACCUSERS__LAWYER_WANTS_LCCC_REPORT_PUBLIC_THE_DOCUMENT_REPORTEDL.html

(10) 1999: Gilbert M. Dominguez, President, Imperial Valley College. LAWSUIT SETTLED. http://chronicle.com/article/College-Agrees-to-Settle/23153

(11) 2000: Charles D. Hays, President, Century College. RESIGNED. http://chronicle.com/article/College-President-Resigns/105074

(12) 2000: David Rubino, President, Gannon University. RESIGNED. http://www.leagle.com/decision/20041016350FSupp2d666_1960/PETRUSKA%20v.%20GANNON%20UNIVERSITY

(13) 2001: Owen Cargol, President, Northern Arizona University. RESIGNED http://wc.arizona.edu/papers/95/62/01_5.html AND WAS HIRED IN 2007 AS CHANCELLOR FOR AMERICAN UNIVERSITY-IRAQ. https://www.insidehighered.com/news/2008/06/11/not-our-best-and-brightest

(14) 2002: Arthur R. Taylor, President, Muhlenberg College. RESIGNED. http://chronicle.com/article/Muhlenberg-President-Quits/12618

(15) 2002: Arnold J. Levine, President, Rockefeller University. RESIGNED. http://www.nytimes.com/2002/02/11/nyregion/amid-inquiry-president-of-rockefeller-u-resigns.html

(16) 2004 (and in 1995): Lee E. Monroe, President, Paul Quinn College in 1995 (http://chronicle.com/article/5-Million-Lawsuit-Accuses/97333) and Voorhees College in 2004. LEGAL FINDING OF FACT IN 2004. https://www.insidehighered.com/news/2007/05/02/voorhees

(17) 2006: Leroy Sanchez, President, Luna Community College. RETIRED, U.S. DEPT. OF JUSTICE FILED LAWSUIT AGAINST SCHOOL. http://chronicle.com/article/Federal-Lawsuit-Accuses/42220

(18) 2006: Philip M. Ringle, President, Truckee Meadows Community College. LEGAL FINDING OF FACT. Read summary and comments: http://nv.findacase.com/research/wfrmDocViewer.aspx/xq/fac.20051222_0000028.DNV.htm/qx AND http://chronicle.com/article/College-Settles-Sex-Harassment/36950

(19) 2006: Charles Carlsen, President, Johnson County Community College. RETIRED. http://cjonline.com/stories/102106/kan_carlsen.shtml#.Vt7j_ymlpDk

(20) 2006: Craig J. Franz, President, Saint Mary’s College of California. RESIGNED FROM POSITION AT SAINT MARY’S UNIVERSITY OF MINNESOTA (WHERE HE WENT AFTER LEAVING POST IN CALIFORNIA). https://www.insidehighered.com/news/2006/12/21/franz

(21) 2007: Sidney A. McPhee, President, Middle Tennessee State University. ONE YEAR SALARY REDUCTION, REQUIRED SEXUAL HARASSMENT TRAINING. http://www.murfreesboropost.com/news.php?viewStory=3868

(22) 2007: William Merwin, President, Florida Gulf Coast University. RESIGNED OVER INAPPROPRIATE RELATIONSHIP WITH FACULTY MEMBER. http://archive.naplesnews.com/news/local/fgcu-president-merwin-resigns-after-inappropriate-relationship-ep-405013798-345700912.html

(23) 2011: Roy J. Nirschel, President, Roger Williams University. RESIGNED. http://chronicle.com/article/Complaint-Reveals-That-Roger/128591

(24) 2013: John Ellis Price, President, University of North Texas-Dallas. STEPPED DOWN AS PRESIDENT/RESIGNED FACULTY POSITION WHEN HARASSMENT BECAME PUBLIC. http://www.dallasnews.com/news/community-news/denton/headlines/20150618-former-unt-dallas-leader-resigns-amid-investigation-into-relationship-with-former-employee.ece

(25) 2014: Johnson Bia, President, Pima Community College – Desert Vista Campus. RESIGNED. http://www.tucsonsentinel.com/local/report/050114_pcc_bia/pccs-bia-resigns-over-sexual-harassment-allegations/

(26) 2014: Patrick Lanning, President, Chemeketa Community College – Yamhill Valley Campus. FIRED. http://www.statesmanjournal.com/story/news/education/2014/11/09/fired-ccc-official-accused-sexual-harassment/18758999/

(27) 2015: David Alexander, President, Northwest Nazarene University. RESIGNED BECAUSE OF EARLIER INAPPROPRIATE RELATIONSHIP AS PROFESSOR. http://www.idahopress.com/news/local/education/nnu-former-president-resigned-over-inappropriate-relationship/article_60fe1284-281e-11e5-89a6-3346ab104b89.html

(28) 2017: Ricardo Romo, President, University of Texas – San Antonio. PLACED ON ADMINISTRATIVE LEAVE, THEN RESIGNED. http://diverseeducation.com/article/93984/

(29) 2018 (for harassment and resignation in 1917): William F. Slocum, President, Colorado College. INVESTIGATED AND ASKED TO LEAVE BY BOARD FOR HARASSMENT, RESIGNED, NAMES REMOVED FROM BUILDINGS IN 2018. https://www.chronicle.com/article/Colorado-College-Removes/242818?cid=wcontentlist_hp_latest AND https://libraryweb.coloradocollege.edu/library/specialcollections/Manuscript/Slocum.html

SEXUAL MISCONDUCT IN ACADEMIC DEPARTMENTS

Complete as of March 16, 2018. For the most up-to-date list of cases and to see additional cases across institutions and disciplines, visit NOT A FLUKE.

It has been two years since I began compiling cases of academic sexual misconduct perpetrated by faculty, staff, and administrators. This seems like a good time to post about individual groups and disciplines.

DEPARTMENTS/SCHOOLS (7)

(1) 1983: Anatomy Department, University of Iowa. LEGAL FINDING OF SEXUAL HARASSMENT. http://www.leagle.com/decision/19901695749FSupp946_11540/JEW%20v.%20UNIVERSITY%20OF%20IOWA AND http://www.nytimes.com/1990/09/02/style/campus-life-iowa-judge-finds-university-liable-in-harassment.html

(2) 1991: Literature Section of the School of Humanities and Social Sciences, Massachusetts Institute of Technology. PROVOST SUSPENDED SECTION’S RIGHT TO MAKE PERSONNEL DECISIONS. LAWSUIT FILED. http://chronicle.com/article/Literature-Professor-Sues-MIT/82118 AND LAWSUIT SETTLED. http://chronicle.com/article/MIT-Professor-Reach/73326

(3) 2000: Engineering School, University of Rhode Island. PUBLIC ACKNOWLEDGEMENT BY UNIVERSITY PRESIDENT. http://chronicle.com/article/U-of-Rhode-Island-Admits-That/30446

(4) 2005: Communications Department, University of Pittsburgh. REVIEW BY OUTSIDE FACULTY FOUND DEPARTMENT TO BE UNHEALTHY PLACE FOR WOMEN FACULTY AND GRADUATE STUDENTS. http://www.pghcitypaper.com/pittsburgh/communication-breakdown/Content?oid=1338247

(5) 2006: Political Science Department, University of Nebraska-Lincoln. LAWSUIT FILED, COMMITTEE FINDING THAT DEPARTMENT TOLERATES SEXUAL HARASSMENT. http://www.dailynebraskan.com/political-science-professor-alleges-sexual-harassment/article_99548bfb-7003-51d2-bcee-532fb5f7fcfa.html and http://law.justia.com/cases/federal/district-courts/FSupp2/112/908/2521407/

(6) 2014: Philosophy Department, University of Colorado-Boulder. CHAIR REMOVED, GRADUATE ADMISSIONS SUSPENDED. http://www.dailycamera.com/ci_25035043 AND LAWSUIT SETTLED. http://www.kmblegal.com/news/kmb-client-settles-title-ix-lawsuit-against-cu-boulder

(7) 2017: Department of Urban and Regional Planning, University of Wisconsin – Madison. FACULTY REVIEW COMMITTEE FOUND PERSISTENT SEXISM, INCLUDING SEXUAL HARASSMENT; DEPARTMENT MERGED WITH ANOTHER UNIT. http://host.madison.com/wsj/news/local/education/university/legacy-of-sexism-and-allegations-of-sexual-harassment-mar-uw/article_220cc4f3-3b0a-575a-898d-9c63711659c8.html

Recurring Damage from Sexual Assault and Harassment

I work at Michigan State University, have seen how the Title IX reporting process works from the inside, and have watched the Larry Nassar case unfold from close up. I am not sure most people understand how traumatic simply reading or watching the news can be for those of us who have experienced sexual assault and harassment. The Nassar case brought up my own history of sexual violence, and I found myself struggling to do even the most mundane tasks. I laid on the couch for a weekend, trying to escape into books or television to avoid the internal trauma I was experiencing. The trauma of assault is ever present, even after years of therapy.

The Nassar case was an assault that went far beyond his victims. The whirlwind of emotions this case triggered can relate to both the initial violation and the pain associated with reporting the misconduct and the bureaucracy of the Title IX system. I have spoken with several students who were so triggered by the Nassar case that they were unable to do simple tasks.  For some, the act of getting out of bed was difficult, let alone going to class. Some victims of sexual assault or harassment are able to seek out counseling to address the effects of their assaults. Seeking help takes energy and effort (and money), and the depression that can set in after a triggering event can often get in the way of seeking help. Sexual assault is a vicious, recurring event that revisits us in our minds and bodies. I know my own health and well-being were and continue to be affected.

For over two years I have been tracking academic sexual misconduct. The documenting of these events can in itself be triggering, and I recently had to take a two week break to preserve my own sanity. This is necessary labor, but it can be more draining than I initially realized. I have resources, privilege attendant to my position, and a supportive network of friends, family, and pets (unconditional love is amazing!). I can only imagine how difficult triggering events must be for student, many of whom have fewer resources than I do.

What can faculty do? I strongly encourage faculty to recognize that students can be negatively affected by all sorts of events, from national news about sexual assault to school shootings. We all have personal histories, and those histories affect us differently. Try to put yourself in your students’ shoes, and imagine what you would need from your professors. You can reach out to students without invading anyone’s privacy – there is no need to ask for details. Instead, look into the resources offered by your university and create a short list of the best resources. I created two sheets of institutional resources (MSUresources) to post on my door and upload to course websites – perhaps you can create something similar for your own spaces.

 

 

Why Sexual Misconduct in Academia Needs to Be Made Public

I have spent two-plus years documenting sexual harassment and misconduct in academia. Many universities go to great lengths to ensure that these cases are downplayed – while I have uncovered 614 cases of faculty/administrator sexual misconduct, undoubtedly there are many more cases that remain hidden from public view. In addition, in many of these cases: 1) the perpetrators resigned or retired and investigations ended without any findings, and/or 2) publicly available reports are anonymized with respect to perpetrator names and departments. Many institutions claim that they cannot release the names of individuals found to have committed sexual misconduct by claiming that “personnel matters” are private, or because resolutions were reached through negotiations that included non-disclosure agreements.

Recent high-profile cases illustrate the importance of disclosing the names of sexual misconduct perpetrators to protect communities. In one case, a professor and doctor (Nassar) at Michigan State University was sentenced to a lifetime in prison for assaulting AT LEAST 250 young women. In a second case, a Harvard University government professor (Domínguez) has announced his retirement after over twenty women came forward to accuse him of sexual harassment.

In the Michigan State case, questions remain about how the university handled multiple complaints about Nassar – at least FOURTEEN people at MSU were aware of complaints against him over two decades. The fact that Nassar was a sexual predator would have remained a secret save for the bravery of one woman – Rachel Denhollander – and her publicizing the abuse she suffered. This one woman started an avalanche of similar stories from hundreds of women. If she had not come forward, how many more atrocities would Nassar have been able to commit with impunity?

In the Harvard case, the campus newspaper reported Domínguez’s sexual harassment in the 80s. I was unable to find reports on this case outside of the institution. Terry Karl, the woman who was brave enough to speak openly about Domínguez’s abuse, appeared in a 1991 Stanford newspaper article about her experience reporting her harassment. However, it wasn’t until a Chronicle of Higher Education story in February 2018 that Dr. Karl’s story became national news. Within a few weeks, so many women had come forward to also report their abuse that Harvard opened a new investigation and Domínguez announced his retirement.

These two cases are not isolated. Cantalupo and Kidder (2017) reviewed cases of faculty harassment of students and found that MORE THAN HALF of perpetrators were serial harassers. Here are a few more examples from my list of cases:

What can we learn from these cases? Cantalupo and Kidder (2017) have clearly documented that serial harassment is common, and my own read of documented cases supports their conclusion. Given that most cases of harassment never see the light of day, we should question if the number of serial harassers would be higher if victims/survivors* were able to publicly tell their stories. How many more cases are hiding behind institutional legalese, and how many more harassers are able to walk the halls, unimpeded? Enough is enough. Let us own the behavior of our colleagues, call them out, and make sure our colleges and universities are safe spaces for everyone.

*We are both victims and survivors. I honor the experience of being harassed and assaulted as complicated, and something that can be survived even as we continue to be victimized.

 

 

Slogging Through 600 Cases of Academic Sexual Misconduct

Slogging Through 600 Cases of Academic Sexual Misconduct

Julie Libarkin (2/18/18)

I wrote the piece thinking that Chronicle of Higher Education or other venue would publish it. I decided to post to my blog instead.

In early 2016, another case of professor sexual misconduct made national headlines. This case was especially egregious as the perpetrator moved from one institution to another, avoiding consequences each time. This plus other highly publicized cases (e.g., at Berkeley, or Northwestern), raised the question of how common sexual misconduct is in academia. Being a researcher, I developed a search rubric and set out to identify verifiable cases. Within one week, I had compiled 143 documented cases dating back to the late 1970s. Almost two years later, the list sits at nearly 600, grows weekly, and includes entire departments, university presidents, deans, Title IX officers, and faculty. Identifying and verifying these cases requires several hours of effort each week.

Title IX became law in 1972. Three years later, “sexual harassment” was coined. In the forty subsequent years, 600 academic sexual misconduct cases hardly seem surprising. Personally, I have experienced sexism and sexual harassment throughout my career, including a physical assault that affected my ability to work and for which I eventually filed a complaint. However, as with sexual assault on campus, most sexual harassment likely goes unreported. Even when complaints are filed, the scale of the problem may be masked behind fears of violating student or employee privacy. Confidentiality agreements and the decade or longer it may take to resolve a legal case can also hide misconduct from public scrutiny. Cantalupo and Kidder recently published a study of faculty sexual harassment towards students and noted that documented cases are but the “tip of the iceberg”. When expanded to consider other forms of sexual misconduct, including harassment of colleagues and by administrators, the problem of sexual misconduct in academia seems insurmountable.

My nearly two-year slog through academic sexual misconduct cases revealed a dark side to academia. Reading the documents associated with these cases has revealed commonalities as well as steps universities can take to ensure justice for people affected by sexual misconduct.

  1. Sexual misconduct in academia mirrors sexual misconduct in society at large. Faculty and administrators have committed verbal sexual harassment, physical non-penetrative assault, rape, and murder. One faculty even hired a hitman to kill the woman who accused him of sexual harassment!
  2. Institutions are loath to release information about sexual harassment. Lawsuits can cost universities millions of dollars. As it stands, many people who have been harassed are denied knowledge of prior instances of sexual harassment (necessary for identifying serial predators) or information about how, or even if, consequences have been meted out to harassers. In some cases, student-run or independent student newspapers are the only conduits for publicizing these cases
  3. Institutional responses to complaints of sexual misconduct vary widely, as do requirements for training. While some institutions investigate swiftly, others brush sexual misconduct findings under the rug and essentially allow sexual misconduct to continue unabated for decades. Similarly, some institutions require that all community members – from students to staff – complete sexual harassment training, while other institutions have no training available at all.
  4. The academy needs to address the negative impacts sexual misconduct can have on its victims. Perhaps the most difficult outcome of this experience has been the dozens of people who have reached out to me to tell me about their own experiences. I have heard from students who dropped out of college because of the trauma of sexual harassment and from junior faculty who lost jobs or quit in the face of misconduct. Sexual misconduct can have lasting negative consequences for education and career, as well as mental and physical health, and universities need to be at the forefront of limiting those negative outcomes.
  5. At the same time, the academy needs to come to a consensus about the consequences of sexual misconduct. The fact that someone is a leading researcher should have nothing to do with how sexual misconduct is handled. Decades of sexually harassing behavior might be avoided if real consequences are faced the first time harassment is reported. Additionally, imagine a professor who is a member of the National Academies or an endowed chair. Should that membership or chair be rescinded because of a finding of sexual misconduct? Sexual misconduct of any nature has a chilling and dehumanizing effect on students and colleagues. What are the trade-offs between allowing for redemption and protecting society?

Finally, my colleagues interested in modifying existing structures often ask two questions:

  1. What should sexual misconduct training look like? Research into the most effective forms of sexual misconduct training is certainly needed. That said – we can not train misconduct out of predators. Remember, academia is simply a microcosm of society, and some academics will simply be predators. What we can do is equip potential victims with information and support so they are wiling and able to report sexual misconduct if it occurs.
  2. How should institutions respond to a claim of sexual misconduct?
    1. While institutional and legal investigations are ongoing, individuals accused of sexual misconduct can be placed on paid leave – this protects the accused, the accuser, and the community. Firing the accused before an investigation is complete may punish the innocent and forcing victims to continue working in spaces with perpetrators may punish those who have already been victimized. That said, investigations should not end simply because an accused harasser retires or resigns.
    2. Institutions need to modify processes for how academic sexual misconduct consequences are determined and meted out. While student sexual misconduct is often adjudicated by independent committees, very few institutions seat independent voices to review sexual misconduct perpetrated by faculty and staff. Rather, consequences are often determined by chairs or deans. Bias is unavoidable when the perpetrator and victim are housed in the same unit. In my case, institutional policies required the head of my unit – who essentially oversaw me and my harasser – to decide on the penalty once a sexual harassment finding had been made. While I was mostly satisfied with the outcome of my case, it is not unreasonable to recognize that an independent third party is needed for justice to occur.
    3. Institutions should encourage, but not force, victims to consult law enforcement. Victims should determine if and how misconduct is reported. At the same time, institutions should not try to shield perpetrators from legal consequences, and should actively work with victims and law enforcement to make sure society at large – as well as members of college communities – are protected.

Given this moment in history, many universities are rethinking how they process, investigate, and address claims of sexual misconduct. This rethinking would be most effective if institutions worked together to identify principles that the academy should follow. Governing bodies, such as the Association of American Universities, would do well to establish normative practices based on existing federal guidance on anti-harassment policies. This would have the added effect of acknowledging other forms of harassment, such as those based on ethnicity or age, while simultaneously addressing deficiencies in how sexual misconduct is dealt with across higher education.

Academia is full of smart, hardworking people. Certainly, we can find a better way to deal with sexual misconduct and to support those people brave enough to tell us their stories.

 

The Media is NOT Reporting on University Sexual Harassment

Today is June 8, 2016. That means 22 weeks of the year have passed. In those 22 weeks, I have documented the reporting of 23 cases of sexual harassment and assault perpetrated by university faculty or administrators. These are only the cases I could find, and the number of actual cases is likely higher. In those 22 weeks, at least 12 lawsuits were also filed claiming harassment or assault by university faculty or administrators. Most of this harassment and assault occurred before 2016 – 2016 is the first time these cases were publicized. And the publicity usually occurred on a very local scale.

Here is a graph showing when the media first reported on the 23 confirmed cases of sexual harassment or assault:

June8_2016_SH

Here is the same graph with the names of the perpetrators included. Six of these names are likely familiar to you because of national press attention to their cases (black). I would guess that most of you are unfamiliar with the 17 names in red:

SH-names

What might explain the differences in press coverage? Let’s see:

1.Discipline. Maybe the media focus on specific disciplines over others. In 2016, we have seen well publicized cases in law, anthropology, astronomy, bioscience, and english. Doesn’t seem like much of a pattern, does it? Especially when you look closely at the disciplines of the less publicized cases and see that some of these disciplines experienced poorly publicized cases (Harwood is in bioscience, for example). You would also think that the media would want to publicize cases of people who really, really, really should know better – like the guy from criminal justice (Swindell). The media really, really, really needs to do a better job investigating and reporting on sexual harassment and assault committed by university faculty and administrators.

2. Type of harassment/assault. Well, you might say. Perhaps the perpetrators receiving national attention simply committed the worst offenses. Let’s see. This would mean that faculty/administrators who sexually assaulted students or colleagues would be at the top of the news page. Here are the perpetrators who were arrested or are being investigated for sexual assault. How many of these cases do you remember reading about? Sexual harassment is horrible in whatever form it takes, but the media sure isn’t reporting on the worst of the worst. 

2016: Mahmood G. Ghamsary, Loma Linda University. ADMINISTRATIVE LEAVE FROM UNIVERSITY, ARRESTED. http://www.latimes.com/local/lanow/la-me-ln-university-professor-arrested-sexual-battery-student-20160317-story.html

2016: Youssef Taleb, Northern Virginia Community College. FIRED/JAILED/SEXUAL ASSAULT CHARGES FILED. http://www.afro.com/northern-va-professor-charged-with-sexual-assault-on-students/

2016: Guo Ping Wang, Indiana University-Bloomington. FIRED AND POLICE HAVE OPENED INVESTIGATION INTO SEXUAL ASSAULT. http://www.southbendtribune.com/news/local/indiana-university-lecturer-fired-after-reported-sexual-assault/article_96457e37-aa93-5f20-afcd-95fefa8bf723.html

3. Type of institution. Let’s look at the schools where the sexual harassment occurred. The seven well publicized cases occurred mostly at elite institutions, both public and private. The remaining cases primarily occurred at community colleges, smaller regional institutions, and niche institutions. Oh, it’s elitism! Sexual harassment and assault committed by university staff is a problem no matter where it occurs! The media should do a better job covering all of the cases, not just an elite few.

  • Ott: California Institute of Technology, or Caltech
  • Slater: University of Arizona
  • Richmond: American Museum of Natural History
  • Lieb: University of Chicago (Princeton, University of North Carolina)
  • Latham: University of California-Riverside
  • Choudhry: University of California – Berkeley
  • Piterberg: University of California-Los Angeles, or UCLA
  • Wells: Kilgore College
  • Elsey: University of North Alabama
  • Swindell: West Virginia State University
  • Jones: Alabama A&M University
  • Lee: Grand Rapids Community College
  • Ghamsary: Loma Linda University
  • Markman: Ohio University
  • Harwood: University of Kentucky
  • Ellis: University of Iowa
  • Taleb:Northern Virginia Community College
  • Wang: Indiana University-Bloomington
  • Miller: Northern Kentucky University
  • Christensen: Columbus State University
  • Brule & Parker: Purdue University
  • Parisi: Texas Tech University

Hey, reporter! Yeah, you. How about doing your job? Stop following the easy stories, stop reporting on cases that only affect elite students. HARASSMENT IS A PROBLEM, AT ALL KINDS OF INSTITUTIONS. The media should be ashamed for falling down on the job. I don’t believe that the scale of the problem of faculty/administrator harassment will truly be felt until we have fair reporting that highlights harassment – wherever it may occur.*

*don’t get me started on the scale of the problem internationally. This is not just a problem for the U.S., but we have to start somewhere.

 

 

Sexual Harassment/Assault in Academia – EVERY WEEK

For the past four months, I have been compiling sexual harassment/assault cases in academia – harassment or assault on students or staff that is carried out by professors, administrators, or entire departments. It took several months for me to track down and compile old cases. Today, the number of documented cases sits at 364…come back in a few weeks and I promise the number will have increased.

Now, I simply maintain the compilation by searching for new cases once a week. I would go crazy if I immersed myself in this every day, so I simply take a few moments on Mondays to check out what the internet has to offer. Once a week I search for combinations of “sexual harassment”, “sexual assault”, “professor”, “dean”, and similar terms. What surprises me the most is that EVERY week I find at least one case of sexual harassment/assault in academia. At least one professor, dean, or president who makes inappropriate comments, touches students or colleagues, asks for sexual favors in exchange for grades, assaults students or colleagues. Or, I find a lawsuit that was filed in the past week – a case of sexual harassment/assault that is still pending. EVERY week.

This morning? This morning I again had something new to add to the post. I found four typical examples of typical sexual harassment and typical sexual assault:

How anyone can look at this list and not recognize that academia has a problem is beyond me. Sexual harassment and assault by professors/deans/provosts/presidents are not flukes. Please don’t tell me they are. Do something about it, academia. Do something.

Sexual Harassment in Academia – International Edition

Last updated 8/17/2016

Update 8/17/16: I will add high profile international cases as I become aware of them.

I have identified over 425 cases of faculty and administrators engaging in sexual harassment at U.S. universities. In creating this list, I have come across troubling references to cases occurring outside of the U.S. To be clear that sexual harassment on the part of professors or administrators is not just an “American” thing…here is a short list of cases. Note that this is a very small sample simply because only a handful of these cases are reported in the English language media and the details of many stories are difficult to verify.

Canada
2014: Brajendra Sutradhar, Mathematics, Memorial University. 20 DAY SUSPENSION, RETIRED. http://www.cbc.ca/news/canada/newfoundland-labrador/brajendra-sutradhar-mun-complaint-1.3448563

2016: David Schimmelpenninck van der Oye, History, Brock University. NOT “ASSIGNED TO CLASS AND IS NOT ON CAMPUS”. http://www.cbc.ca/news/canada/brock-university-sexual-harrassment-1.3485814

2016: NO NAME. Lethbridge University. SUSPENDED/SEXUAL ASSAULT CHARGES FILED. http://www.cbc.ca/news/canada/calgary/lethbridge-university-professor-sexual-assault-charge-1.3581814

China
2014: Wu Chunming, Xiamen University. FIRED. http://www.womenofchina.cn/womenofchina/html1/news/china/1410/650-1.htm

India
2015: UNNAMED, Sociology, Jawaharlal Nehru University. FIRED. http://www.dnaindia.com/india/report-jnu-professor-sacked-for-alleged-sexual-abuse-of-foreign-student-2158244

2015: Rajat Kumar Mohanty, Linguistics, English and Foreign Languages University. JAILED. http://www.ap7am.com/english-news-13380-eflu-professor-gets-3-year-jail-term-in-sexual-harassment-case.html

Israel
2015: Mario Schneider, Political Science, Hebrew University. BARRED FROM CAMPUS FOR 18 MONTHS/PAID COMPENSATION TO STUDENT. http://www.haaretz.com/israel-news/.premium-1.651993

2015: ELEVEN LECTURERS!, Hebrew University. OUTCOME UNKNOWN. http://www.ynetnews.com/articles/0,7340,L-4663660,00.html

2015: Ronen Shamir, Sociology, Tel Aviv University. “REPRIMANDED…FOR UNBECOMING CONDUCT FOR HIS INTIMATE RELATIONSHIP WITH A STUDENT”.
http://www.haaretz.com/israel-news/.premium-1.657813

Japan
1994: Toru Yano, Southeast Asian Studies. Kyoto University. RESIGNED/WENT INTO SECLUSION IN BUDDHIST TEMPLE. http://tinyurl.com/gp6uw88

2002: UNNAMED, Ehime University. FIRED. http://www.thefreelibrary.com/Ehime+Univ.+professor+fired+for+sexual+harassment+over+4+years.-a089564623

2015: UNNAMED, Okinawa Prefecture College of Performing Arts. FIRED. http://www.japanupdate.com/2015/10/art-university-professor-gets-boot-for-sexual-harassment/

Korea
2015: Kang Suk-jin, Mathematics, Seoul National University. JAILED. http://www.koreatimes.co.kr/www/news/nation/2015/05/636_179349.html

2016: UNNAMED, Korea University. ACCUSED OF RAPE/CLAIMS ENCOUNTER WITH HIS GRADUATE STUDENT WAS CONSENSUAL/DISCIPLINARY COMMITTEE CONVENED. http://www.koreatimes.co.kr/www/news/nation/2016/08/116_211672.html

Switzerland
2016: Lee Salter, Sussex University. CONVICTED OF ASSAULT ON STUDENT HE WAS DATING/LEFT UNIVERSITY. http://www.independent.co.uk/voices/sussex-university-domestic-violence-lecturer-beat-up-girlfriend-a7194281.html

Switzerland
2012: UNNAMED, Mathematics, University of Zurich. FINED. http://www.zurich4you.ch/former_university_professor_fined_over_sexual_harassment.html